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Johnson in Hawaii

The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

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  •  Crowds at the Honolulu airport greet President Johnson as he arrives with top advisors for a summit conference with South Vietnamese leaders. 
  •  It is a meeting without precedent and is designed to strengthen United States determination to pursue to the end the drive against Communist domination in South Vietnam. 
  •  There is a typical Hawaiian welcome for Mr. Johnson on this first trip he has made outside of continental America since he assumed office.  
  •  The trip is not without its human interest. An excited hitchhiker was Katherine Westmoreland, 17 year old daughter of the U.S. commander in Vietnam. She had effusive thanks for the president for bringing her to Hawaii for her mother's birthday party. 
  •  The president will confer for three days with Vietnamese Premier Nguyen Cao Ky and his aides. 
  •  Apart from the pursuit of the war, high on the agenda will be plans for the social and economic rehabilitation of South Vietnamese areas as they are freed from Communist Vietcong control. 
  •  Mr. Johnson once again defended the U.S. position on Vietnam and said that those that council retreat are blind to past experience and death to hope. 
  •  This summit meeting will add a new dimension to our role in Vietnam. 
 
TAMI Tags
  •  Air Force One 
  •  Lyndon Baines Johnson 
  •  LBJ 
 
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Crowds greet President Johnson as he arrives with top advisors for summit conference with South Vietnamese leaders. It is a meeting without precedent and is designed to strengthen US determination to pursue to the end the drive against Communist domination in "South Vietnam."
Thirty-sixth president of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson, was born on a hill country farm near Stonewall, Texas on August 27, 1908 to Samuel Ealy Johnson, a former Texas legislator, and Rebekah Baines Johnson.  He attended Southwest Teachers College, now Texas-State University, graduating with a degree in history and social science in 1930. LBJ spent one year as principal and teacher in Cotulla, educating impoverished Hispanic elementary school students. LBJ became the secretary to Texas Congressman Richard M. Kleberg in 1931; the four year position helped him gain influential contacts in Washington. Johnson married Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor on November 17, 1934.
 
LBJ acted as Director of the National Youth Administration in Texas from 1935 to 1937. Johnson won his first legislative election in 1937 for the Tenth Congressional District, a position he held for eleven years. He was a firm supporter of President Roosevelt’s New Deal and in 1940 acted as Chairman of the Democratic Campaign Committee. In 1948, following his service as a Lieutenant Naval Commander during World War II, LBJ ran as the Democratic nominee for Senate. In a cloud of controversy, he narrowly defeated former Texas Governor Coke Stevens and easily beat his Republican opponent in the general election.  Before winning his second senate term, LBJ was elected Majority Whip in 1951, became the youngest ever Minority Senate Leader in 1953, and was voted Majority Leader in 1954. Johnson unsuccessfully ran for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1960 but was selected to be Vice-President under John F. Kennedy. 
 
Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as Commander and Chief aboard Air Force One following President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963 and won reelection in 1964. President Johnson passed landmark legislation with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Debate over military efforts in Vietnam intensified in late 1963 when the President stated that the United States would not withdraw from Southeast Asia. Escalation of the war against North Vietnam brought disapproval from Democrats, claiming the efforts were misguided, and from Republicans who criticized the administration for not executing sufficient military vigor. Antiwar protests, urban riots, and racial tension eroded Johnson’s political base by 1967, which further dissolved following the Tet Offensive in January 1968. On March 31, 1968, President Johnson announced that we would not seek a second Presidential term.
 
After returning to Texas, Johnson oversaw the construction of the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum on the University of Texas campus in Austin. Throughout his political career, LBJ was an influential figure in Texas affairs; his policies brought military bases, crop subsidies, government facilities, and federal jobs to the state. After suffering a massive heart attack, former President Johnson died at his ranch on January 22, 1973. In February of the same year, NASA’s Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston was renamed the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, in honor of one of the country’s most influential Texans.