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Parks Under the Lone Star (1933)

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

Sound | 1933

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  •  In operation from 1933 to 1942, the Civilian Conservation Corps was a New Deal public work relief program. The Emergency Conservation Act of 1933, which established the program, mandated that the CCC recruit unemployed, unmarried men to perform conservation work throughout the country’s forests and parks.  
  •  Six flags over Texas 
  •  Palo Duro Canyon State Park, the “Grand Canyon of the Colorado” 
  •  Quarry operations 
  •  Caddo Lake State Park 
  •  Bastrop State Park 
  •  Lake Worth, near Fort Worth 
  •  Palmetto State Park 
 
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Produced by the Division of Motion Pictures of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), this 1933 government film provides information about New Deal works projects across Texas. The narrator concentrates on projects done by CCC members in several parks, including Palo Duro State Park, Caddo Lake, and Palmetto State Park. Some of the work involves constructing recreational buildings, bridges, and landscape. The narrator also provides a brief history of Texas.
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department provides outdoor recreational opportunities by managing and protecting wildlife and wildlife habitat and acquiring and managing parklands and historic areas. It has inherited the functions of many state entities created to protect Texas' natural resources. In 1895 the legislature created the Fish and Oyster Commission to regulate fishing. The Game Department was added to the commission in 1907. The State Parks Board was created as a separate entity in 1923. In the 1930s, projects of the federal Civilian Conservation Corps added substantially to the state's parklands. In 1951, the term oyster was dropped from the wildlife agency's name, and in 1963, the State Parks Board and the Game and Fish Commission were merged to form the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department under the administration of Governor John B. Connally. The legislature placed authority for managing fish and wildlife resources in all Texas counties with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department when it passed the Wildlife Conservation Act in 1983. Previously, commissioners courts had set game and fish laws in many counties, and other counties had veto power over department regulations. Currently, TPWD operates 114 state parks and historical sites, 51 wildlife management areas, and eight fish hatcheries. 
 
(from the TWPD website)
The Civilian Conservation Corps, or CCC, was a national public work relief program established in 1933 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of the New Deal. The CCC hired unemployed, unmarried men between the ages of 17 and 25 from families on relief to complete various public works projects for the Departments of Agriculture and the Interior. Enrollees were organized into local camps overseen by the US Army, with some camps in Texas comprised of as many as 19,200 men during their peak. Young men from across the nation worked in the Texas camps and contributed to the state's projects, as assignment to CCC camps was random.
 
In Texas, the majority of the projects completed by the CCC were soil conservation and erosion control operations. Activities including distributing soil conservation information to farmers and making improvements to farmlands and forests. The CCC also contributed to the development of the Texas state park system; they established 56 parks, 31 of which remain operational today. Between 1933 and 1942 (when CCC operations ceased), approximately 50,000 Texans participated in the program.