Texas Archive of the Moving Image is loading...

Fort Davis, Texas, 1854 - 1891 (1966)

Fort Davis National Historical Site

Silent | c. 1966

comment
  • Normal
  • Large video
  • Large content
  • Full video
"rtmpconf":{ type:"flv", file:"mp4:2017_02919_480x360.mp4", baseUrl:wgScriptPath + "/extensions/player/", streamServer:'texas-flash.streamguys1.com:443/vod', width:"480", height:"360", config:{ showBrowserControls:false }, poster:"/library/index.php?action=ajax%26rs=importImage%26rsargs[]=2017 02919 tn.jpg%26rsargs[]=480", controls:{ _timerStyle:"sides" } }
Map
Loading Google Maps...
 
TAMI Tags
  •  Title card: Fort Davis Texas 1854-1891 
  •  The desert landscape surrounding the fort 
  •  An animated map depicting the San Antonio-El Paso Road 
  •  An assortment of photographs, paintings, and maps relating to Fort Davis’ history:One of the photographs is that of Lt. Col. Wesley Merritt. After the Civil War, Merritt was sent to command Fort Davis, where he built new structures and accommodations. 
  •  Officer Benjamin Henry Grierson. Originally a music teacher, Grierson became a cavalry general in the Union Army during the Civil War. After the war, Grierson organized the 10th U.S. Cavalry, a segregated African-American unit that became known as one of the original “Buffalo Soldier” regiments. He moved his headquarters to Fort Davis in 1882.  
  •  Ruins at the fort 
  •  Old Fort Davis Army Post Centennial, hosted by the Fort Davis Historical Society in 1954 
  •  The centennial began with a parade led by John G. Prude, president of the society, and a color guard. The celebration also included a pageant, band concert, Odessa Chuck Wagon Gang barbecue, a rodeo, and dances. The celebration aimed to bring attention to the importance of historical preservation at the site. Seven years later, on September 8, 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed the bill that made Fort Davis a National Historic Site. 
  •  More ruins at the fort 
  •  A woman cautiously walks through an old building 
  •  An animated map of frontier posts in Texas 
  •  The museum at the visitor’s center 
  •  Dedication ceremony in 1966 
  •  Lady Bird Johnson walks to the podium 
  •  Park Superintendent Frank Smith 
  •  NPS Director Gene Hendryx 
  •  Secretary of the Interior Steward Udall 
  •  Sorting through archaeological finds 
  •  Historical reenactors at the fort 
 
Mark Video Segment:
begin
end
play
See someone or something you recognize? TAMI Tagging
Click begin and end to mark the segment you wish
to tag. Then enter your comment and click on Tag!
To: tamitags@texasarchive.org
 
Share this video
X

Send E-mail

Embed

[Hide]Right click this link, select 'open in new tab', and add to bookmarks:
In partnership with:
  • About the video
  • Fort Davis Fort Davis
  • Fort Davis Dedication Cere... Fort Davis Dedication Ceremony
  • Lady Bird Johnson Lady Bird Johnson
  • Texas Locations
  • Keywords
This silent documentary made by Frank M. Temple chronicles the history of Fort Davis National Historic Site. Although the film is silent, Temple uses photographs, animated maps, and paintings to illustrate the fort’s role in westward expansion before, during, and after the Civil War. The film also includes footage of the fort’s dedication ceremony, hosted by First Lady Lady Bird Johnson in 1966.
Brevet Major General Persifor Frazer Smith established Fort Davis in October 1854. Named after Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, the fort is one of the last remaining frontier military posts in the Southwest. The primary goal of the post was to guide travelers through the San Antonio-El Paso Road and to fight the Comanche, Kiowa, and Apache Tribes along the way. However, the federal government ordered the evacuation of the fort at the start of the Civil War. 
 
For the next six years, Fort Davis underwent periods of Confederate occupation, Union occupation, and total desertion. In 1867, Lieutenant Colonel Wesley Merritt and the 9th Cavalry took over the fort and built new accommodations and structures. At its height, it held over 100 structures and housed over 400 troops. However, in 1880, Colonel Bemjamin Grierson of the 10th Cavalry led the last raid against the Apaches and their leader Victorio into Mexico, signaling the end of the Indian Wars in Texas. By 1891, Fort Davis outlived its purpose and was left abandoned. Today is it on the National Registry of Historic Places and remains a frequently visited tourist attraction.
On April 4, 1966, First Lady Lady Bird Johnson arrived at Fort Davis National Historic Site to host the park’s dedication ceremony. Three years following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, the occasion endured an increased level of stress, and members of the Secret Service, the National Park Service, and the local police department kept security tight. Nonetheless, the public anticipation of seeing  Johnson was enormous, leading organizers to spend months planning the celebration. 
 
National Park Service director George Hartzog welcomed Johnson as she took the podium, where she described the importance of historic preservation to reveal the motives and experiences of Texans in the past. Other important characters in attendance included Secretary of the Interior Steward Lee Udall, Fort Davis Superintendent Frank Smith, author and publisher Carlysle Graham Raht, Congressman Richard Crawford White, historian Barry Scobee, and Texas Governor John Connally. 
 
One thing that stood out to Johnson was the visitor’s center museum, called the “instant museum” because it had been completed the night before her arrival. She specifically congratulated Scobee for his research and his work in creating the museum. After Johnson’s speech, Superintendent Smith guided her and then Governor and Mrs. Connally on a private tour throughout the museum. 
Claudia Alta “Lady Bird” Taylor was born in Karnack, Texas, on December 22, 1912. Lady Bird, the nickname given by nursemaid Alice Tittle, attended high school in Marshall and junior college at Dallas’ St. Mary’s Episcopal College for Women. From 1933 through 1934, she received a Bachelor of Arts in history and a Bachelor of Journalism from the University of Texas at Austin. 
 
Mutual friends introduced Lady Bird to congressional aide and rising political star, Lyndon Baines Johnson. LBJ proposed on the couple’s first date and the two were married a month later on November 17, 1934. Lady Bird financed her husband’s first congressional campaign for Austin’s 10th District using a portion of her maternal inheritance. During World War II, Lady Bird ran the congressional office while LBJ served in the US Navy. In 1943, Lady Bird purchased Austin Radio station KTBC. The station proved an integral part of the LBJ Holding Company and became the main source of the Johnson family’s fortune. 
 
LBJ’s political career gained momentum in the post-war years, and in 1960, he became Vice President to John F. Kennedy. Lyndon Johnson was sworn in as Commander and Chief aboard Air Force One following President Kennedy’s assassination on November 22, 1963. As First Lady, Lady Bird initiated the Society for a More Beautiful National Capitol and worked with the American Association of Nurserymen to promote the planting of wildflowers along highways. In 1964, the First Lady traveled through eight southern states aboard her train, “The Lady Bird Special,” to foster support for LBJ’s presidential reelection and the Civil Rights Act. She was influential in promoting the Highway Beautification Act of 1965, referred to as “Lady Bird’s Bill,” and the Head Start program.
 
Following the death of LBJ in 1973, Lady Bird turned her attention to Austin. The Town Lake Beautification Project transformed Austin’s downtown lake, renamed Lady Bird Lake in 2007, into a useable recreation area. On December 22, 1982, Lady Bird and Helen Hays founded the National Wildflower Research Center outside of Austin. The Wildflower Center was established to increase awareness and research for North American flora. In 1977, the former First Lady received the highest civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was also awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 1988. Lady Bird died of natural causes on July 11, 2007, survived by two daughters, seven grandchildren, and ten great-grandchildren.
TFC
16mm
documentary film
amateur documentary
1960s
1960’s
60s
60’s
Fort Davis
Jeff Davis County
Fort Davis National Historic Site
Fort Davis National Park Archives
Frank M. Temple
Temple, Frank M.
Mary Jeanne Van Appledorn
Appledorn, Mary Jeanne Van
candle
candlelight
clock
book
history
history book
desk
desert
West Texas
plains
mountains
national historic site
historic site
nature
outdoors
trees
mountains
cliffs
drawings
illustrations
San Antonio
map
tents
military post
post
photographs
United States Army
army
fort
army fort
Southwest
American Indian Wars
frontier military post
Pena Blanca
guns
weapons
scouts
Chihuahua Trail
Davis Mountains
Trans-Pecos
San Antonio-El Paso Road
Comanche
Apache
Native Americans
Early Americans
Visitor Center
visitors
tourists
barracks
army barracks
houses
homes
drill field
replicas
ruins
horse
flag pole
reenactor
reenactment
historical reenactor
historical reenactment
soldier
costume
uniform
Civil War
sword
gun
flag
American flag
car
vehicle
automobile
visitors
tourists
wagon
horse wagon
horse-drawn carriage
buggy
horse-drawn buggy
Texas flag
women
men
children
frontier posts
Clark
McKavett
Concho
Stockton
Davis
Quitmen
Bliss
officers quarter
Sutler’s Store
office
museum
artifacts
exhibits
museum exhibit
wagon roads
collection
crowd
audience
conductor
ceremony
dedication ceremony
film
film rolls
podium
ceremony
speaker
microphone
photographs
photographers
journalists
plaque
Lady Bird Johnson
Johnson
Lady, Bird
First Lady Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson
Claudia Alta Johnson
Johnson, Claudia Alta
First Lady
plaque
historical marker plaque
historical marker
archaeologists
typewriter
archaeological finds
Frank Smith
Smith, Frank
Superintendent Frank Smith
Gene Hendryx
Hendryx, Gene
NPS Director Gene Hendryx
Steward Lee Udall
Udall, Steward Lee
Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall