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The Ouida Whitaker Dean Collection, no. 25 - Hanging in Shelby County (1976)

Ouida Whitaker Dean

Sound | 1976

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  •  The first interviewee discusses her experience surrounding the lynch hanging of Joseph Shields in Shelby County 
  •  The second interviewee shows the students the tree where the man was hung 
  •  One student asks the interviewee about what it was like growing up in the area 
  •  Students ask the interviewee about the circumstances leading up to the hanging 
  •  Beware the clean-shaven man 
  •  The interviewee points out where the victim lived 
  •  One student asks about the motive for the crime 
  •  Close-up shots of documents detailing the events of a hanging 
  •  The third interviewee talks about his experience with the hangings of Lige Daniels and “Buddy” Evins in the 1920's 
  •  The interviewee discusses the events leading up to the Daniels hanging 
  •  Retracing his steps from that night 
  •  The man discusses a second incident he was involved in 
 
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This footage from 1976 includes unedited interviews used in a student film about hangings in Shelby County. Timpson High School students visit hanging sites with three interviewees to ask them about the circumstances of the incidents and those involved. The first two interviews discuss the lynching of Joseph Shields. Shields, a white farm manager in Shelby County, was seized by four men one night and hung on January 29, 1892. Three of the four men were convicted but later acquitted. The third interviewee talks about the lynchings of Lige Daniels and “Buddy” Evins. On August 3, 1920, a mob of nearly 1000 citizens took Daniels, a 16-year-old African American boy, from the jail and hung him in the main square of Center. He was accused of murdering an older white woman. Evins was lynched in the same square eight years later on May 21, 1928. The Shelby County sheriff and constable surrendered Evins to a mob of 200 to 300 men, who took Evins to the courthouse in Center and lynched him. Evins had been charged with murdering a man named John Wheeler. According to Texas historian John Ross, Texas is ranked third among the states in total number of lynchings, after Mississippi and Georgia.
A self-taught photographer, Ouida Whitaker Dean decided to learn filmmaking in her late thirties so that she could bring moving image production into her Shelby County high school classroom. After attending a seminar at the Rice Media Center, she launched an “Artists in Schools” media program, a joint effort of Texas Commission on the Arts and Humanities and the National Endowment for the Arts. With two school-bought cameras and her own camera, Dean and her students shot silent footage around the town of Timpson. She participated in the production of the films both on and off screen, personally editing the films at home.
 
Created just a year after the integration of the local public schools, many of the films eloquently capture the shifting socio-cultural, ethnic, and economic realities of East Texas in the 1970s. Dean also aspired to capture the area’s experience of the women’s rights movement, pitching her idea for Women in Agriculture (1976) to her students during the second year of the program. Perhaps her most compelling work, the film features candid interviews with community women discussing their roles on family farms. Dean, however, was dismissed from her teaching position not long after the film was completed, and Women in Agriculture was never publicly shown. Although she won a wrongful termination lawsuit against the school board, Dean never returned to teaching, choosing instead to continue her work in journalism, regional history, and photography.