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Manned Spacecraft Technology (1965)

Hardin-Simmons University Library

Sound | 1965

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TAMI Tags
  •  NASA Astronaut Gordon Cooper piloted the final Mercury mission, Mercury-Atlas 7 (Faith 7), and served as Command Pilot of Gemini 5 
  •  Nationwide complex of computers and test facilities 
  •  Large-scale centrifuge and vacuum chambers at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston 
  •  Quality control 
  •  Mercury spacecraft 
  •  Gemini spacecraft 
  •  Apollo spacecraft 
  •  Apollo propulsion systems 
  •  Crew systems 
  •  Communications and scientific equipment 
  •  Preflight check-out procedures 
  •  Advanced missions with current spacecraft 
 
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  • Manned Spacecraft Center Manned Spacecraft Center
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Produced by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, this government film takes a closer look at the complex hardware and technological systems that make manned spaceflight possible. First, the film reviews the preliminary stages of design, development, and manufacturing, emphasizing the need for reliability and testing throughout. Next, it introduces the Mercury and Gemini spacecraft. Finally, the film conducts a thorough examination of the Apollo spacecraft and associated equipment.
As the scope of the American space program grew, NASA’s Space Task Group realized it would need to expand into its own facility if it were to successfully land a man on the Moon. In 1961, the agency’s selection team chose a 1,000-acre cow pasture in Houston, Texas, as the proposed center’s location site, owing to its access to water transport and commercial jet service, moderate climate, and proximity to Rice University. In September 1963, the facility opened as the Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC). 
 
The Center became the focal point of NASA’s manned spaceflight program, developing spacecraft for Projects Gemini and Apollo, selecting and training astronauts, and operating the Lunar Receiving Laboratory. Beginning with Gemini 4 in June 1965, MSC’s Mission Control Center also took over flight control duties from the Mercury Control Center at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. As a result, the facility managed all subsequent manned space missions, including those related to Projects Gemini and Apollo, the Apollo Applications Program, the Space Shuttle Orbiters, and the International Space Station.
 
In 1973, the MSC was renamed in honor of the late President and Texas native Lyndon B. Johnson. (As Senate Majority Leader, Johnson sponsored the 1958 legislation that established NASA.) The Center continues to lead NASA’s efforts in space exploration, training both American and international astronauts, managing missions to and from the International Space Station, and operating scientific and medical research programs.