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Alien Enemy Detention Facility, Crystal City, Texas
The U.S. National Archives and Records AdministrationSound | c. 1943
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- About the video
- Texas Locations
In addition to the forcible relocation of 100,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans by the U. S. War Department, additional internment ‘camps' were established by the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) to hold individuals of Japanese, German and Italian descent living in Latin America during World War II. Three of these ‘camps' were located in Texas, at Seagovile, Kenedy, and Crystal City. As the largest Texas internment camp, the ‘Alien Enemy Detention Facility' in Crystal City eventually held almost 4,000 individuals and comprised more than 500 buildings on 290 acres, including housing, schools, food and clothing stores, auditoriums, a hospital, warehouses and administration offices. Produced and narrated by INS officials, this film presents a rosy picture of prisoners' daily life behind barbed wire.